The Difference Between the Colon and Intestines

The Difference Between the Colon and Intestines

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let’s talk about the unique difference between the small intestine and the large intestine or the colon over here we have the small intestine so you have the stomach small intestine it connects with through a valve ileocecal valve and then the food goes through the large intestine one thing to know about the small intestine it’s a lot longer there’s three parts the first part is about a little more than a foot it’s between 10 and 15 inches the next part is about eight feet and the last part is between 8 feet and 13 feet so it’s quite long now the colon or the large intestine is about five feet so let’s start with these small intestine 90% of all the digestion occurs in the small intestine now you have enzymes that are generated from the pancreas and you also have enzymes that are generated from the small intestine itself to help break down proteins carbohydrates and fat – the fiber our bodies do not have the capacity to break down fiber we just don’t have the enzymes however we have a lot of microbes in the large bowel that can ferment the fiber and break it down and that’s converted to some really healthy things which we’ll get to now in the first part of the small intestine you have the contents of the stomach and also some of the juices from the pancreas coming out to help neutralize all the acid from the stomach so we have a lot of digestion happening right here we also have the absorption of iron when someone gets surgery as in a gastric bypass they may have difficulty absorbing iron now this next part is where you’re gonna absorb the calcium the magnesium some B vitamins vitamin C folate and there’s other nutrients as well like trace minerals and in the last part you’re gonna absorb and recycle bile salts so 90% of all the bile salts will be reabsorbed you’re also going to absorb b12 you can absorb fat and the fat soluble vitamins as well as certain electrolytes so 90% of all the digestion occurs in the small intestine now it’s alkaline which actually triggers certain enzymes now if you have inflammation in the colon or let’s say you have celiac which is within the lining right through here because you’ve consumed gluten which you’re sensitive to you’re not going to be able to absorb certain nutrients also most of the friendly bacteria are in the large intestine not the small but when the microbes from the large intestine back up and get into the small that’s called SIBO small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in that situation these microbes are going to pretty much compete with these nutrients they’re going to eat up these nutrients eat up your fuel and you’re gonna have nutritional deficiency you have a lot of bloating and that’s called SIBO I put a video down below if you want more data on that so let’s move to the large intestine so the contents from the small intestine now are going to enter through a little valve right here and you’ll see coal it’s going to start going through this larger space which is a colon and the fiber is gonna start to ferment you’re also going to get water absorption fluid absorption absorption of electrolytes salts potassium which is an electrolyte but we have a lot more bacteria going on in the large intestine you also have a large mucous layer so if the surface of the Cole’s right here we have a layer of mucus and the microbes are on top of that now the pH of the colon is going to be more acidic from certain bacteria that are making lactic acid and the purpose of that acid is to kill pathogens that should not be there and but not affect our good bacteria now when this fiber is fermented where you have these microbes releasing enzymes to break down this carbohydrate it’s gonna turn into small chain fatty acids and one is called butyrate and butyrate actually has a preferred fuel for the colon cells even over glucose butyrate also helps stabilize your blood sugars it will give you energy and it will improve insulin resistance alright thanks for watching and definitely watch the next video on this page that goes more in depth on the entire cycle of digestion 

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The Difference Between the Colon and Intestines

Here’s The Video Description From YouTube

Do you know the difference between the small and large intestines? Find out.
Learn More at  
0:06 The small intestine 
2:51 The large intestine
In this video, we’re going to talk about the unique difference between the small intestine and the large intestines. 
The small intestine:
The small intestine is a lot longer. There are three parts:
• The first part is 10-15 inches
• The second part is about 8 ft. 
• The last part is 8-13 ft.
90% of all the digestion occurs in the small intestine. You have enzymes that are generated from the pancreas and the small intestine that help break down proteins, carbohydrates, and fat. 
In the first part of the small intestine, you have the contents of the stomach and some of the juices from the pancreas coming out to help neutralize the acid from the stomach. You also have the absorption of iron happening here. 
The next part of the small intestine is where you will absorb certain vitamins and nutrients. 
In the last part of the small intestine, you will absorb and recycle bile salts. You’re also going to absorb vitamin B12, fat, fat-soluble vitamins, and certain electrolytes. 
The small intestine is alkaline, which triggers certain enzymes. 
When the microbes from the large intestine back up and get into the small intestine, that’s called SIBO. SIBO can cause nutritional deficiencies and a lot of bloating.  
The large intestine:
The large intestine is a bit smaller at around 5 ft. 
This is where fiber starts to ferment. 
You’re also going to absorb water, fluids, certain electrolytes, salts, and potassium. 
There are a lot more bacteria in the large intestine than in the small intestine. 
The pH of the colon is going to be more acidic to help kill pathogens that should not be there. But, it doesn’t affect good bacteria. 
When the fiber is fermented, it’s going to turn into small chain fatty acids, such as butyrate. Butyrate is actually the preferred fuel for the colon cells. Butyrate also helps stabilize your blood sugars, increase energy, and helps improve insulin resistance. 
Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio:
Dr. Berg, 53 years of age is a chiropractor who specializes in Healthy Ketosis & Intermittent Fasting. He is the author of The New Body Type Guide and other books published by KB Publishing. He has taught students nutrition as an adjunct professor at Howard University. He no longer practices, but focuses on health education through social media.
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Dr. Eric Berg received his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in 1988. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” in relation to himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Berg is a licensed chiropractor in Virginia, California, and Louisiana, but he no longer practices chiropractic in any state and does not see patients so he can focus on educating people as a full time activity, yet he maintains an active license. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Berg and you. You should not make any change in your health regimen or diet before first consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The Health & Wellness, Dr. Berg Nutritionals and Dr. Eric Berg, D.C. are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this video or site.
I hope this video helps you better understand the difference between the small and large intestines. Thanks for watching!

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