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medium-chain triglycerides or MCT oil is an extremely powerful thing but what we have to be careful not to do is just become victim to all the marketing that’s out there surrounding MCTS now I’ll be the first person to say MCTS are amazing and the way that are digested in the body is very very interesting and they’re very powerful in the body but I just want to make sure that you have a solid education so you truly know what’s happening when you consume MCT oil or coconut oil for that matter and as always if you haven’t already make sure you turn on notifications from my videos so you can see whenever I post up a live broadcast or a new coaching video and also if you haven’t already make sure you subscribe to this channel so you get three videos per week on your favorite topics let’s get right into the science so to understand how a medium chain triglyceride works in the body we first have to understand what a triglyceride is and we have to understand what a fatty acid structure is so when we look at dietary fats in the first place all we have are different carbon atom chains you see we end up having these things that are called short chain fatty acids long chain triglycerides or long chain fatty acids and of course the topic of interest today medium chain triglycerides well all that they are are different carbon atoms that are linked together for example a short chain fatty acid is anywhere from two to six carbon atoms that are linked together a long chain triglyceride or a long chain fatty acid which is predominantly the fats that we consume especially in the American diet but almost all the fats that are not MCTS are L C T’s those are anywhere from 12 to 22 carbon atoms that are linked together then of course we have MCTS MCT oil medium chain triglycerides just like the name implies medium chain it’s a medium length chain of six to ten carbon atoms that’s what makes it an MC t so now we have to look at the word triglyceride for a second because I think a lot of people get confused with triglycerides because they look at their blood work and they think that triglycerides are this this crazy newfangled thing that the only the doctors are looking at triglyceride is really just a technical term for fat okay that’s all we really have to be paying attention to and there’s ultimately two things that triglycerides can do in the body they can either go into the cell and be used for energy and actually metabolized through aerobic metabolism or they can get stored as a dove tissue or body fat really only the two things that these triglycerides can do but what we do have to remember is that no matter what whether it’s a short chain triglyceride a long chain triglyceride or a medium chain triglyceride all triglycerides are three fatty acids bound to a glycerol backbone tri glyceride put it together that’s all it is three fatty acids and glycerol molecule so now let’s take a look at MCTS now they have a basic understanding of this and everything is gonna make sense now there’s some unique properties when it comes down to MCTS in the first place the first one is going to be the fact that it’s significantly lower calories ten percent lower calories to be exact when it comes down to comparing to other fats most fats are nine and nine and a half calories per gram whereas MCTS are only eight and the reason is is because the shorter chain makes them digest and quite a bit easier and they’re converted into energy which ends up having a quotient for us when it comes down to calculating calories because they are a shorter chain they’re absorbs significantly faster then we have to look at how they’re easily converted and now I’m gonna get a little bit scientific on you but it’s gonna make a lot of sense because I drew a nice little picture for you right here we have what is called the mitochondria inside that mitochondria is where we create ATP we create adenosine triphosphate which is what’s giving you energy when you’re working out what’s giving you energy when you’re not working out and just talking I’m using ATP right now to move my lips and actually speak so every time we have energy we have ATP and it happens in the mitochondria well here’s the cool thing MCT oil x’ MCTS because they are such short chains they can go right in to the mitochondria and create ATP they can create energy immediately whereas a long chain triglyceride or a normal fat that we’re consuming has to go through a whole separate pathway and it gets stopped it gets stopped at this gate right here there’s a stop sign and it needs carnitine in order to get in you hear people talking about using carnitine as a fat burner to help with fat burning it’s because carnitine is going to help get these long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria to create energy better well why not cut out the middleman and go straight to the MCTS that are going to not have to use carnitine so therefore more acetyl coenzyme a is created which equals more ketones which equals more energy long story short MCTS create energy faster so now I want to step into a slightly more scientific breakdown of how MCTS are digested versus long-chain fatty acids digested because we actually did this a little bit backwards I explained how the energy is created first and now I want to go back and explain how they’re actually physically digested in the body so now let’s look at the digestion of a long chain triglyceride or a long-chain fatty acid okay when you consume a long chain triglyceride a regular fat not an MCT you end up having this process where the fatty acids are separated by an enzyme known as lipase what this lipase does is it takes the fatty acids off of that glycerol molecule okay it takes that triglyceride it breaks apart the glycerol and leaves you with fatty acids these fatty acids go through a different enzymatic function and ultimately form something that’s known as a micelle and what this micelle does is it can cross through the intestinal tract and cross through it’s called the entero site and it gets into the lymphatic system once it’s in the lymphatic system it reattaches to a glycerol okay so to make sure that you’re tracking and following here it starts as a triglyceride it’s broken down into a micelle no longer a triglyceride then once it’s back in your bloodstream and your lymphatic system it turns into a triglyceride again because glycerol is reattached this whole process involves the liver it involves bio salt and it’s a very complex process to break down fats is not easy that’s why they say they’re harder to digest quite literally now let’s look at the MCTS and how those are digested they get preferential absorption okay they get the absolute first class treatment when it comes to this because of their shorter length they don’t need a micelle they don’t need to get converted into a micelle but they’re transported directly from what’s called the portal vein into the liver where they get preferential oxidation so again they get the VIP pass all the time these MCTS because they’re shorter and easier to break down go straight to the liver where their oxidation x’ inside the liver is actually really cool because here’s where it gets interesting the liver now Khattab eliza’s these MCTS into shorter carbon chains remember how I mentioned the shorter the carbon chain the easier to digest so the liver breaks it down into c2 fragments see – meaning – chains okay just two atoms two carbon atoms so it’s really small chain and what it does is it turns them into acetyl coenzyme a esters a c – fragment would be an acetyl coenzyme a ester now I know I’m getting a little bit complex but acetyl coenzyme a esters are basically the building blocks for energy in the mitochondria once we have the acetyl coenzyme a esters that are formed from the fat which again mind you has been completely streamlined then it gets metabolized by acetyl coenzyme a dehydrogenase that’s what breaks down the acetyl coenzyme a into acetyl acetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate what the heck is Thomas talking about all of this means we don’t have the middleman we’re going straight to the liver we’re getting converted into literally energy and it’s metabolized into ketone bodies that therefore give us even more energy because we know that ketone bodies are extremely valuable when it comes to creating energy all of this means at the end of the day that MCTS are efficiently burned and don’t get stored as body fat that’s the whole point a very small percentage like less than half percent of the calories that are consumed from MCTS are ever stored as fat they’re almost always exclusively burned so when you’re on a ketogenic diet or a low carb diet and you’re not utilizing glucose metabolism you want to get those MCTS in because your body will use them and it goes into straight-up energy so as always if you like these kinds of videos and you like the whiteboard talk let me know let me know in the comments section below and I’ll be sure to do more of these videos because I think they’re a little bit more interactive and they give me a chance to explain more in depth things without losing the audience so I look forward to seeing the next video and make sure you comment below see you soon
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MCT Oil: What Happens Inside Your Body When You Consume MCT’s
What are MCT’s
Long Chain Fatty acids (LCTs) ranging from 12 to 18 carbons long are the predominant form of fat in the American diet – MCTs, however, are composed of only 6 to 10 carbon links
Triglycerides are named after their chemical structure, more specifically the length of their fatty acid chains – all triglycerides are made up of a glycerol molecule and 3 fatty acids
Because of their shorter chain length, MCTs have a number of unique properties which give them advantages over the more common LCTs
MCTs provide about 10% fewer calories than LCTs – 8.3 calories per gram for MCTs versus 9 calories per gram for LCTs
Reduced chain length also means that MCTs are more rapidly absorbed by the body and more quickly metabolized and as fuel
The result of this accelerated metabolic conversion is that instead of being stored as fat, the calories contained in MCTs are very efficiently converted into fuel for immediate use by organs and muscles
MCTs cross the double mitochondrial membrane quickly and do not require the presence of carnitine, unlike LCTs
The result is an excess of acetyl-coA, which then follows various metabolic pathways, both in the mitochondria (Krebs Cycle) and in the cytosol, resulting in the production of ketones
These are the main medium-chain fatty acids:
C6: Caproic acid or hexanoic acid.
C8: Caprylic acid or octanoic acid.
C10: Capric acid or decanoic acid.
C12: Lauric acid or dodecanoic acid
Digestion and Energy
MCTs are easily digested and do not require the production and utilization of bile
Results in the production of excess acetyl-coA which breaks down into ketones – rapid formation of ketone bodies gives immediate energy to the brain and body
MCTs act similar to carbs in that they provide an immediate energy source – however, MCTs don’t raise blood sugar or increase insulin levels as carbs do
Compared to other types of oils and fats, MCTs seem to have positive effects on fat burning and weight reduction as it helps increase satiety and even raise the metabolic rate at which the body functions
MCTs suppress fat deposition through enhanced thermogenesis and fat oxidation, helping the body produce ketones
MCTs are powerful, natural antibiotics that help balance bacteria in the gut
MCT’s are known to kill: Streptococcus (which causes strep throat, pneumonia and sinus infections), straphylococcus (which causes food poisoning and urinary tract infections), neisseria (which causes meningitis, gonorrhea and pelvic inflammatory diseases)
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2) MCT Oil 101 – A Review of Medium-Chain Triglycerides. (n.d.). Retrieved from
3) 5 Reasons to Use MCT Oil for Ketosis. (n.d.). Retrieved from