Keto Diet vs. Atkins Diet: What are the Differences? Thomas DeLauer

Keto Diet vs. Atkins Diet: What are the Differences? Thomas DeLauer

Keto Diet vs. Atkins Diet: What are the Differences? Thomas DeLauer

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in this video I’m going to break down classic ketosis the truth era peuta ketosis and this newfangled modern form of ketosis that a lot of the fitness industry has bringing about but before I go into the difference in the verses I want to talk a little bit about how ketosis and the ketogenic diet truly came to be you see ketosis wasn’t just discovered by some fitness guy that decided that hey if we cut out carbs out of the equation everyone’s going to get in shape and everyone’s gonna feel good and look amazing and be full of vein and everything like that no it has to do with treatment it has to do with therapies in fact it was way back when it was literally like 500 BC that Hippocrates started writing about fasting having a major effect on epilepsy people think that it’s all this modern science thing now it goes way back when people discovered that if they were abstaining from food all these different illnesses would magically start to go away but of course he didn’t have modern technology to really identify what was going on so it took until 1921 when a particular doctor named dr. Gailen discovered that it was the ketones that were the common denominator when it came down to treating illnesses so they started looking at things saying okay if we have fasting and fasting is eliciting this amazing response what is it exactly about fasting that is treating epilepsy and treating some of these diseases well it was ketones when you’re fasting you’re in a ketogenic state what’s so funny is that there are so many different people out there that bag on the ketogenic diet they just love to bag on it they just say it’s horrible and that it’s gonna raise your cholesterol it’s gonna do all this but they’re totally fine with fasting well the interesting thing is we’re altima going after the same thing when it comes down to the positive effects all we’re trying to do with ketosis is get those ketone bodies up that would normally occur when you’re fasting so it wasn’t until 1924 when a guy by the name of dr. Wilder at the Mayo Clinic discovered the true ketogenic diet now when I say the true ketogenic diet I mean the ketogenic diet that has been used to treat epilepsy and has been used to treat different glucose impairment issues where your body can’t use glucose so really it was until 1924 that was actually put into a system and we were able to truly extract all the data from 1921 and put it into an actual diet so where does this come into play with what’s happening today you see today we’re seeing all kinds of people doing the keto diet and I’m someone that promotes it but what is really going on you see the classic keto diet is like a four to one ratio of fats to protein three to one at the very most okay what is it today well most people end up consuming a one to one or a two to one if they’re really doing a halfway decent job so all of the science everything that we know about ketosis is looking at the three to one or the four to one but no one wants to do that today you see the Atkins diet or today it’s called the modified Atkins diet is really more like that two to one is it effective absolutely it’s still very effective at helping your body restructure but are you getting the benefits of the ketone bodies probably not what am i a fan of I’m a fan I’m kind of splitting the difference I’m in the ballpark of three to one I think we should have our fats high but it’s not that exciting for people people are much more likely to dive into a prime rib or dive into a ribeye steak then they are likely to dive into a bowl of coconut oil and that’s where the common divergence occurs people don’t truly understand the difference between the ketogenic diet and modified Atkins but here’s something that you should probably know if you’re following more of a modern diet a modern style of ketosis there’s a good chance you’re consuming so much protein that your body’s going into gluconeogenesis and kicking you out of ketosis in the first place even if it’s not when you’re measuring it on the little keto sticks or your breath meter okay you’re still probably coming out of ketosis a lot more than you think so we need to start addressing the therapeutic issues and what the ketogenic diet can do if you’re doing it right as far as therapy is concerned now don’t get me wrong I still want to talk about the cosmetic things I still want to talk about body composition how that’s gonna work well let’s take a look at what’s going on when it comes down to the therapeutic side of things so ketosis is used for a lot of different things but when it comes down to different energy states when the body can’t produce the right kind of energy that it needs from glucose okay we’re talking about like a pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency maybe you remember from biology class that pyruvate cycle or the Krebs cycle where sugar goes in and it goes through the Krebs cycle ultimately creates pyruvic acid and ultimately creates energy well some people have the issues where they don’t create that so that’s where ketosis comes in as a great alternative fuel source it’s literally a different fuel source for the mitochondria to use now we have to remember that ketosis is all about mitochondrial function we’re trying to find a different way that the mitochondria can run on fuel without glucose another one is gonna be something like phosphofructokinase deficiency which is in the same vein where your body cannot produce the right kind of sugars it cannot produce the right kind of energy from glucose so ketone bodies come into play but what about some of the more popular ones okay things like neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s how does that work well it still comes down to the mitochondria so I’m getting to a point here don’t this think that I’m talking just about the therapeutic side of things because I’m going to get to a point and it all has to do with that mitochondria in the case of Parkinson’s disease it ends up being where the body doesn’t have the ability to transfer sugar through the blood-brain barrier properly and it ends up getting misconstrued through something known as complex I this complex I ends up making it so that the mitochondria cannot function properly therefore it’s not sending the right signals there for dopamine responses aren’t working thus do you have Parkinson’s disease well when you have ketosis you have ketone bodies that can cross through the blood-brain barrier and actually activate the mitochondria giving new life to patients with Parkinson’s disease because they now have a backup energy source so some of the people that are gonna be speculative about the ketogenic diet are gonna say to me right now okay well this is great it’s great for people that are having issues it’s an alternative backup fuel source well I would argue this when has the mainstream ever totally led us completely right on target just because we discovered a different way of eating with a different fuel source doesn’t mean that that’s not the right or the wrong way if we have the ability to switch back and forth it seems like it’s actually a nice sparing way to work you’re steering the mitochondria you’re not gonna burn out the glucose side of things you’re not gonna burn off the fat side of things so maybe you go through phases of ketogenic therapy where you actually treat your body and give your mitochondria a break by activating a different portion of it anyway I digress but let’s talk about cancer for one second – because cancer is a big one ketosis and cancer is a hugely researched topic right now it all has to do with the fact that cancer cells are very unique I’ve done a lot of personal research in the world of cancer those of you that know me well know that I lost my father in February to cancer and I was investigating cancer research and ketosis for a long time – in fact some of the doctors over at UC Davis that I was speaking to and my dad was in were big advocates of using ketogenic therapies as an adjunct to chemotherapy not just as a therapy but as an adjunct to it’s going to help chemotherapy now here’s why cancer cells are unlike other cells in the body we know that but they’re very much unlike other cells in terms of how they are septic to glucose they have 10 times the amount of insulin receptors on them what does that mean it means that when you consume carbohydrates they are 10 times more likely to utilize those carbohydrates than other cells in your body which means they’re gonna grow and they’re gonna thrive on sugars well they’re also kind of funky simply because they don’t have the ability to metabolize fats very well their mitochondria is damaged remember cancer cells are rogue cells they’re not totally like normal cells they don’t function like other cells in our body they don’t have a nice system and a policy and a standard operating procedure to go through they go through their own little funky little mechanism and their mitochondria is damaged it can’t utilize fats so when you are giving your body a lot of fats and not a lot of carbohydrates they don’t know how to utilize that and they start to starve off but anyway I’m starting to go too far down the therapeutic line the point is this if you’re looking to do a ketogenic diet I encourage you to investigate why you’re doing it so then how does this all link back to the Atkins diet and how does this all link back to body composition in the diet that’s for you okay I’m not saying that either one is truly bad but I am stressing that you take a look at how the ketogenic diet works in your body because that’s the true thing that we’re after when we go on a keto diet the body composition changes are going to occur but if you’re sticking in the modified Atkins approach where you’re consuming like one to one or two to one you are more than likely going to experience a lot more in lethargy you’re not going to feel as good and this simply has to do with the fact that you’re never truly using ketones as a source of fuel you’re using them for periods of time when it’s useful for your body and then as soon as your body feels like it still needs glucose it’s either going to convert those excess proteins into glucose or you’re not getting enough fats to actually promote ketone bodies so you’re gonna start breaking down your own muscle tissue there’s a lot of flaws in the modified Atkins and I don’t want you to think that the Atkins diet is the true ketogenic diet there is a distinct difference now again I’ll be the first to say that most of the people out there are probably doing some form of the modified Atkins or some form of Atkins in the first place it still works you’re still gonna see some changes in your body composition because you are dramatically reducing your insulin levels and that is definitely positive there are so many amazing things that are attributed to lower insulin levels so I’m not saying it’s bad but I am saying before you bag on the ketogenic diet understand the science understand the direct ratios understand some of the research that dr. Dom D’Agostino has done and has put out there on the internet and on podcast and out there in the entire world for us to read I’m a huge consumer of his content and I think that you really has the right idea because at the end of the day we do have to make sure that we are our own advocates for our health and if ketogenic diet is gonna be a way that we can reduce inflammation and actually have a neuro protective effect on our body I feel like it’s definitely good for even the average person to cycle in and out of ketosis for longer periods of time like three to six months is it the lifestyle that you want to do forever that’s gonna totally be on you if you like the food but at the end of the day I just want you to know the difference between modified Atkins and the ketogenic diet and of course don’t forget fasting because the end of the day this is what it’s all about we’re fasting right we’re just trying to mimic fasting as always keep it locked in here in my channel if you have any ideas for future videos make sure you hit them in the comment section below that way I can take a look at them and see which ones are winners I’ll see you soon

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Classic/Traditional vs Modified/Mainstream (4:1 vs 2:1)

The classic keto diet consists of a ratio in grams of fat to nonfat (protein and carbs) of 4:1 and 3:1 – now popular keto diet is slightly modified and consists of ratios of 2:1 and 1:1
* 90% fats, 10% protein, less than 1% carbs*

The problem with this diet for anything other than medical use is obvious: protein intake is very low, which isn’t optimal as proteins are the primary building blocks of the body. They’re used to build tissues like muscle, tendon, organ, and skin, as well as many other molecules vital to life such as hormones, enzymes, and various brain chemicals. It has been found that a ketogenic state can still be maintained with an increase in protein and a slight bump in carbs. The type of ketogenic diets popular today are generally high-protein variations of the original – Protein recommendations can vary, ranging from 20 – 30% of daily calories, but carb intake is set to 50 grams or less per day, with the rest of your calories coming from dietary fat.

Ketosis and Disease Treatment:
The ketogenic diet is well established as therapy for many disease states and should be considered first-line therapy in glucose transporter type 1 and pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency. The ketogenic diet appears effective in other metabolic conditions, including phosphofructokinase deficiency and glycogenosis type V (McArdle disease). It appears to function in these disorders by providing an alternative fuel source. A growing body of literature suggests the ketogenic diet may be beneficial in certain neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In these disorders, the ketogenic diet appears to be neuroprotective, promoting enhanced mitochondrial function and rescuing adenosine triphosphate production. Dietary therapy is a promising intervention for cancer, given that it may target the relative inefficiency of tumors in using ketone bodies as an alternative fuel source.

Epilepsy Study:
A study published in the journal The Lancet Neurology, in 2008, showed the efficacy of the ketogenic diet in children. In 145 children, aged 2 to 16 years old, who had at least daily seizures and had failed to respond to at least 2 antiepileptic drugs for 3 months, the mean percentage of baseline seizures was significantly lower in the diet group than in the control group (62% vs 137%, 75% decrease) Twenty-eight children (38%) in the diet group had greater than 50% seizure reductions compared with 4 (6%) controls, and 5 children (7%) in the diet group had greater than 90% seizure reductions compared with no controls.

References:

1) The Definitive Guide to the Ketogenic Diet. (2015, August 13). Retrieved from

2) History of the Ketogenic Diet. (2015, January 12). Retrieved from

3) JW, W. (n.d.). History of the ketogenic diet. – PubMed – NCBI. Retrieved from

4) Neal EG , et al. (n.d.). The ketogenic diet for the treatment of childhood epilepsy: a randomised controlled trial. – PubMed – NCBI. Retrieved from

5) The Ketogenic Diet: Uses in Epilepsy and Other Neurologic Illnesses. (n.d.). Retrieved from

6) Ketogenic diet for treatment of epilepsy. (n.d.). Retrieved from 0

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