How LOW Salt Intake Makes You GAIN Fat

How LOW Salt Intake Makes You GAIN Fat

How LOW Salt Intake Makes You GAIN Fat

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there’s one thing that might be the most important thing even more important than fats when it comes down to following a low-carb high-fat diet but also when following a fasting protocol – and that is salt this literally science is starting to show that when you are in a salt deprived state you eat anything and everything you crave sugars and there’s some really interesting pathways that are causing this the other wild thing is a lot of us are getting a completely wild kind of salt in our bodies through our diet that is not solving the issue and it’s actually making it so we’re not getting the results that we want whether it be through a fasting lifestyle or through a ketogenic or simply low-carb or paleo lifestyle the science is earth-shattering ok you are tuned into the Internet’s leading performance nutrition and fat loss channel new videos every single Tuesday Friday and Sunday at 7 a.m. Pacific time a bunch of other videos throughout the week as well please hit that little Bell button so you can turn on notifications so you know whenever I post a new video or go live alright so in order to make some sense of all this I’m gonna reference a couple of studies but the first study is really interesting because it is actually a case study ok so it’s a case study talking about one individual and the reason that this is important is because it puts things into sort of a storyline context and I want to make sure you hear me out on this because if you’re following a ketogenic low-carb diet or you are fasting I can almost guarantee that you were in a sodium deprived State okay now this is jumping to conclusions a little bit but what happens inside the body when you are doing a low-carb diet or when you are fasting is quite simple your insulin levels are suppressed okay so when your insulin levels are suppressed it triggers the kidneys to excrete extra sodium so what that means is once you start a low carb diet or you start fasting insulin levels go down and you lose a lot of sodium most people think this is a good thing because they think it means they’re gonna lose water retention and bloat well it’s actually quite the opposite and all of this is gonna make sense if you watch the entire video so let’s look at this case study this case study was published in je ma and this case that he took a look at a kid that had a condition where he could not synthesize aldosterone what that means is his body consistently excreted sodium he could never get enough sodium because his body ultimately couldn’t process it now it’s an extreme example but to a degree that’s kind of what’s going on when you’re on a low-carb diet or you’re fasting you are not really utilizing salt the way that you could be so what they found with this child was that he had this insatiable appetite and insatiable craving for salt all the time all the way to the extreme to where he literally wanted to drink ocean water now this sounds like some weird story but this is actually a published case study the kid just wanted to salt all the time and what they found was that it was triggering processes within his brain that were causing him to seek salt by whatever means necessary it was almost possessing him so what they found based off in this study is that sodium depletion evokes a process in which the central nervous system in the body does whatever it possibly can to seek sodium so it tells your brain to go do whatever it can go do what you can to satisfy this urge for salt that’s how critical salt is to our life that our central nervous system in our brain actually have mechanisms that can override a lot of other things to ensure that we go out and we get salt now when you look at the animal world they will have instincts that will tell them to go get salt now let me give you a perfect example those of you that watch my videos and know a little bit more of my personal life know that we have horses okay if you have livestock or you have horses you know that you give them salt licks like these salt bricks now what’s interesting is when we give our horses salt bricks in the wintertime or when we’re not using them as much they hardly ever touch them but the moment that it’s hot out or the moment that we start working them more and they break up a sweat and they work into a lather a bit more they’re licking that thing like crazy and getting salt they inherently instinctually know that they need that salt because they have that CNS override it’s really wild stuff and again we’re in a chronically sodium deprived state when we are following a low carb diet or when we’re fasting but where things get insanely wild and where the science is starting to get so super crazy cool is its result on the mesolimbic system in the brain so sodium deprivation or just sodium depletion is showing to have a risk within the mesolimbic system within the brain with an apportioned known as the NS t to actually make us crave of course salt but what we’re finding is that the lines get crossed so what happens is this we have an urge to get salt in our diets so what happens is we go out and we seek it and when we have that salt it satisfies that itch ok satisfies that dopamine or genic response we have a dopamine hit that tells our brain ok thank goodness he got the salt we’re good to go well where the wires get crossed is the brain seems to respond to sugar and sweet taste just as much sometimes possibly even more than it does to salt when this process is occurring so let me put it into a simple context you are following a low-carb diet or you’re fasting and you’re craving salt really bad so your brain gets a little bit confused and you start craving something sweet so you go and you have a fat bomb that’s sweetened with stevia or maybe you go and you have something that’s actually sweetened with sugar and what ends up happening is that sends a signal to your brain that says that you satisfied the salt craving the lines get crossed your sweet satisfaction just solved a salt craving issue without actually physiologically solving it you just tricked your brain which now completes a habit loop so your dopamine just got satisfied that whole dopamine hit just got satisfied so you’ve just created a habit loop off of 1 or 2 times to now crave sweet whenever you crave salt are you connecting the dots here you are constantly craving salt when you’re on a keto diet and you may not even know it but it’s manifesting through sugar cravings that’s what’s really really interesting and this is all pretty new emerging stuff so to back this up there was a study that was published in the journal physiology and this study took a look at 94 single neurons from the NS T portion of the brain now granted this was within rats but still we were looking at single neurons so it’s still very applicable so what they wanted to do is they wanted to see if sodium depleted rats and sodium reef Lita drats rats that were fine on sodium have the same kind of effect in terms of a gustatory response to given sweet taste or sugary taste or acetate so what they did is they took rats and they took one group of rats and they had them go on a sodium free diet for ten to thirteen days okay then nine rats they had as a control where they still consumed their normal sodium well at the end of that period of time what they did is they gave these rats and given stimuli they either gave them various versions of sodium chloride or they gave them acid tastes or they gave them alkaloids or they gave them sugar or sweet tastes well what they found was that the rats that were sodium depleted ended up having a 60% response to the sweet taste and a 1% response to the sodium okay whereas vice-versa occurred if the rat was actually fine on sodium they had a natural response to sodium in a very small response to sugar so what this showed is that when the rat was deprived of sodium they had a huge physiological up charge from the sugar that wouldn’t have occurred otherwise so we become way more sensitive and way more prone to sugar addiction when we’re on a ketogenic diet if we’re not accurately getting our sodium in and if you’re getting sodium from iodized table salt or from restaurant food or from low quality sources it’s making matters worse because then you’re having sodium that doesn’t have the other minerals in it so this makes you bloated if you’ve ever gone to a restaurant you know that you end up feeling all watery and bloated and puffy right afterwards that’s because you just had low quality sodium that is not actually reap leading you okay then when you look at a lot of these other salts that are out there like sea salt for example it’s better than iodized table salt but sea salt really only has like some iron and some zinc in it and a couple trace minerals so you’re still wildly opposed now when it comes down to getting all the minerals that you need we’re talking 60 good solid minerals I’m a huge fan of Redmon’s real salt okay these guys are legit legit legit they’re based out of Utah and their salt mine is really interesting their salt mine literally goes all the way back to the Jurassic period but what’s interesting is that this is a nice even profile of the sodium that you need along with the other minerals that you need to keep it balanced not like Whittle down portions of those but the actual perfect physiological amount not to mention it has sulfur in it which gives it a nice sweet taste like honestly if you taste if you were to lay out Redmond real salt pink Himalayan salt sea salt and iodized salt and taste the difference it’s undeniable how much better the Redmond real salt tastes so what I usually do is add salt to my water specifically when I’m traveling now I want to touch on pink Himalayan salt for a second okay I’m not anti pink Himalayan salt you guys have seen my videos like I tout it quite a bit the reason is is up until I discovered Redmond real salt it really was the next best thing here’s what’s kind of my beef with pink Himalayan salt right now they claim 84 minerals well there’s really only 60 okay the other 24 minerals are not detectable you see the FDA will allow them to say that those minerals exist as long as they show up as 0.0001 which technically by scientific standards is considered non detectable so non-detectable minerals are allowed to be put on a label or allowed to be marketed as existing when reality is they don’t even exist that’s not to say that pink Himalayan salt is totally bad the fact is for a cheaper price and a better flavor you can get salt that actually has the full wide abundant profile of minerals that you need so these guys are awesome so they’re a huge sponsor of this channel now they’ve done some amazing things I’m going to visit with them out in Utah here when I go out there but the fact is when you’re looking at is salt and you’re looking at Himalayan salts and you’re looking at Celtic sea salt and you’re looking at regular sea salt there is a clear winner but the fact of the matter is regardless we need to be getting our salt in so the guys that Redmond have made it possibly a special discount for those of you that are watching this video so down in the description there is a link to get a special discounted package that I put together with Redmond so it’s not like they’re just offering a discount I assemble the package of my favorite salts and my favorite seasonings with them so if you are fasting or you’re doing keto you can utilize those so you’re not going to see this discount anywhere else down in the description below and you can consume their salt while you’re fasting and it makes your life a lot easier so you’re not going to have those cravings so I want to touch on one more thing with the Celtic sea salt because a lot of people have asked the difference between sea salt and Celtic sea salt Celtic sea salt is a little bit more modern okay so it’s supposed to be the newer salt the problem with that is you have a lot of contaminants okay a Celtic sea salt has a lot of radiation contaminants and other heavy metals that can flow into it so you got to be really really careful with that so the simple fact of the matter is is that whether you like it or not your sodium deficient okay you’re going to be depleted in sodium you might not be the second that you consume it but an hour later you’re gonna be urinating it out you ever notice that you pee a lot while you’re on the keto diet or while you’re fasting it’s simply because of that so you have to get the wide abundant profile of minerals that you need so you don’t have that consistent craving all the time and you definitely want to be taking advantage of the special pricing on the Redmond real salt and get a nice high quality salt that’s down in the description so huge thank you again and thank you to you guys we’re not only supporting my channel but supporting some great guys at a great company and as always keep it salty my friends I’ll see you in the next video

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How LOW Salt Intake Makes You GAIN Fat

Sodium Appetite

The neurocircuitry regulating fluid balance requires coordination between hindbrain and forebrain nuclei that essentially serve the purpose of sensing changes in mineral-fluid balance and blood volume

In the hindbrain, the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) and adjacent area postrema (AP) play a critical role in monitoring body fluid homeostasis

These areas are sensitive to circulating Ang II and aldosterone, osmotic concentration, and changes in blood pressure

The NST projects to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN), and together these structures exert tonic inhibition on sodium appetite

Although structures along the LT and hindbrain detect when the body is in a state of a sodium deficit, these sensory areas must work in tandem with neural circuitry that promotes motivated behavior to promote thirst and salt appetite

Brain areas that mediate appetitive motivated behaviors essentially energize behavior (i.e., promote a state of physiological and psychological arousal) and direct behavior towards a goal object in the environment

An important neural pathway that appears to mediate all appetitive motivated behaviors is the dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens (NAc), referred to as the mesolimbic dopamine system

Increased activity in the NAc is correlated with the presence of a sodium appetite

Sodium depletion alters how the nervous system, including structures within the mesolimbic dopamine system, processes the taste of salt

Sodium deficiency reduces gustatory nerve responses to salt – Neurons within the NST, which receives afferent information from the gustatory nerves, also exhibit altered firing patterns to the taste of salt during deficiency

Similar to the changes in firing observed in the gustatory nerves, the salt-responsive neurons in the NST exhibit reduced firing during deficiency

Interestingly, neurons that respond to sweet tastes such as sucrose begin to fire in response to salty tastes in the depleted animal

Areas in the forebrain that code the motivational and rewarding value of stimuli exhibit a different profile of responses to the taste of salt during sodium deficiency

Study – The Journal of Physiology

This study recorded taste activity from 94 single neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius of sodium-replete (44) and of deprived (50) rats

12 rats were given a nominally sodium-free diet for 10-13 days – 9 rats provided control data

Taste stimuli included five concentrations of NaCl plus eight other salts, acids, sugars and alkaloids

Spontaneous activity was 33% lower while responses to sodium salts lagged by a mean of 30%, to acids by 25% and to bitter salts and quinine by 17%

Mean activity to sugars was 60% higher in the deprived group

Activity in sugar- and salt-profile neurons was most affected:

In deprived animals, responses to sodium salts were lower by 80% among salt-profile cells while among sugar-profile neurons activity to these stimuli was nearly 10 times greater than in controls

These changes in activity resulted in a dramatic shift in the participation of sodium- and sugar-profile cells in the afferent signal for NaCl

In replete animals, 60% of sodium-induced activity was transmitted through salt-profile cells while only 1% occurred in sugar-profile neurons

In deprived subjects, this situation was nearly reversed as 7% of the total NaCl response was conveyed through salt-profile cells while the contribution of neurons with sugar-profiles rose to 46%

Multidimensional stimulus spaces based on average activity in each of four identifiable neuron subgroups demonstrated a shift in the affiliation of sodium salts away from bitter and acid stimuli and towards sugars


1) The biopsychology of salt hunger and sodium deficiency. (n.d.). Retrieved from
2) Jacobs KM , et al. (n.d.). Taste responses in the nucleus tractus solitarius of sodium-deprived rats. – PubMed – NCBI. Retrieved from
3) Unexpected effect of the appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin on ENaC: hunger for sodium? (n.d.). Retrieved from
4) Unexpected effect of the appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin on ENaC: hunger for sodium? (n.d.). Retrieved from
5) Loriaux AL , et al. (n.d.). Nucleus accumbens shell, but not core, tracks motivational value of salt. – PubMed – NCBI. Retrieved from /

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